Morna is the most popular music genre in Cape Verde, one of its main representatives is the international superstar Cesaria Evora. The lyrics are generally sung in Creole, and reflect highly variable themes such as love, patriotism and even mourning.
The vocalists sing accompanied by a guitar, violin and piano. Cavaquinho (similar to a ukulele), a Portuguese instrument, is also quite common.
It’s believed to have originated in Boa Vista. Eugénio Tavares is one of the most influential composers. This musical style was extended to São Vicente, and some composers such as B. Leza and Manuel de Novas popularized it.
In the 1930s, Morna evolved into the coladeira, which is a happier and funnier genre, with very sensual rhythms. Some of the most important artists are: Código di dona, Manuel de Novas, Frank Cavaquim, Djosa Marques and Os Tubarões.
Funana is a genre based on the Santiago accordion. Since the independence of Cape Verde, groups such as Bulimundo appeared that adapted it to the audience listening to pop music. Finaçon combined funana with coladeira in a fusion called funacola.
Originally it was an improvised music with satirical and critical lyrics. In the 1980s, Orlando Pantera created the “Nueva Batuque”, he died in 2001 before completing his creative work. Some performers and composers are: Pantera, Vadu, Cheka, Mayra Andrade, Lura, Zeca di nha Reinalda.
This style was born in the late 1980s, although many Cape Verdeans already began to create electronic pop music in the 1970s, the diaspora living in Europe and North America mixed traditional “coladeira” with “salsa” and “zouk”, this fusion began to be known as “Coladance” or “Colazouk”. However, in the late 1980s, a slower version appeared.
These two mergers merged and became “Cabo Love” or “Cabo Zouk”, a style very similar to “Kizomba”. This new genre gained a lot of popularity in all the Portuguese-speaking countries and in the rest of the world. Most of the songs are written in Portuguese and Creole.
Some of the best known musicians are: Suzanna Lubrano, Frank de Pina, Mendes Brothers (and his record label MB Records), Saozinha, Sexteto criollo and Rui de Pina.
This style mixes the Zouk with the Coladeira and other rhythms of Cape Verde. It is also known by other names such as Cola-Dance, Zouk-Cola, Cabo-Swing, Cabo-Love, etc.